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Kind: Marker
Used With: siteRef, equipRef, kind, tz, unit

Data point such as a sensor or actuator.

From: Structure | Point

Points are typically a digital or analog sensor or actuator entity (sometimes called hard points). Points can also represent a configuration value such as a setpoint or schedule log (sometimes called soft points). Point entities are tagged with the point tag.

All points are further classified as sensors, commands, or setpoints using one of the following three tags:

All points must be associated with a site via the siteRef tag and a specific piece of equipment via the equipRef tag. If a point doesn't have physical equipment relationship, then use a virtual equip entity to model a logical grouping.

By convention multiple tags are used to model the role of a point:

Here is an example of an AHU discharge air temperature input point:

id: @whitehouse.ahu3.dat
dis: "White House AHU-3 DischargeAirTemp"
siteRef: @whitehouse
equipRef: @whitehouse.ahu3
kind: "Number"
unit: "°F"

Point Kinds

Points are classified as Bool, Number, or Str using the kind tag:

Point Min/Max

The following tags may be used to define a minimum and/or maximum for the point:

When these tags are applied to a sensor point, they model the range of values the sensor can read and report. Values outside of these range might indicate a fault condition in the sensor.

When these tags are applied to a cmd or sp, they model the range of valid user inputs when commanding the point.

Point Cur

The term cur indicates synchronization of a point's current real-time value. By real-time we typically mean freshness within the order of of a few seconds. If a point supports a current or live real-time value then it should be tagged with cur tag.

The following tags are used to model the current value and status:

Point Write

Writable points are points which model an output or setpoint and may be commanded. Writable points are modeled on the BACnet 16-level priority array with a relinquish default which effectively acts as level 17. Writable points which may be commanded by the pointWrite operation should be tagged with the writable tag.

The following levels have special behavior:

The priority array provides for contention resolution when many different control applications may be vying for control of a given point. Low level applications like scheduling typically control levels 14, 15, or 16. Then users can override at level 8. But a higher levels like 2 to 7 can be used to trump a user override (for example a demand response energy routine that requires higher priority).

The actual value to write is resolved by starting at level 1 and working down to relinquish default to find the first non-null value. It is possible for all levels to be null, in which case the overall write output is null (which in turn may be auto/null to another system). Anytime a null value is written to a priority level, we say that level has been set to auto or released (this allows the next highest level to take command of the output).

The following tags are used to model the writable state of a point:

Point His

If a point is historized this means that we have a time-series sampling of the point's value over a time range. Historized points are sometimes called logged or trended points. Historized points should be tagged with the his tag.

Historized points can have their time-series data read/write over HTTP via the hisRead and hisWrite operations.

If a point implements the his tag, then it should also implement these tags:

The current status of historization is modeled with:

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